What is Caste System in India? List of Caste in India

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India has many communities with different cultures, traditional ways of life, and languages. India is not only diverse but also vast. It is home to over 1.2 billion people speaking almost as many languages.

The caste system plays a significant role in Indian society. It is a social order that determines your class and status among other members of society. In this video, we share everything about Caste System in India and its importance to individuals.

What is Caste System in India

Caste System in India

In India, the caste system affects the way of living and treatment like Hinduism and Buddhism. Because they had been living in colonies where they had no freedom and independence, they have seen themselves as completely interdependent.

All these structures are dictated by the nature. As nature says that “one man’s meat is others”. So it was believed that one cannot live without harming others. But today things have changed. There are new thoughts running around that how much we can harm our fellow beings and still remain happy.

So if u want to know what does Caste System mean? What is castes? Why do we need caste system? Can we break caste system and live with out any discrimination? Watch this video till the end to find answers.

There are four major groups called Castes known as Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. Each group has their own sub castes. They each play a certain role in field of education, business activity and human services.

Types of Caste in India

Brahman – Also known as Brahmins are priests. Their duty is to preserve knowledge and sacred texts, normally associated with religious rituals. Most of them are teachers at some point of time because they were students first. Even though they may not be student anymore, they teach students through private tutoring or teaching positions.

Even though caste has been abolished in Indian constitution, it still plays a huge role in people’s lives. Caste discrimination continues to exist in education, business networks, and even in the workplace. If you are trying to get into medical school, then you need to do well on your mocks and have good recommendations.

The Kshetriya class is believed to be the second highest class and consists of warriors, police officers and government officials. People belonging to this category have higher income than other groups. The primary source of income for people in this group comes from holding positions at government offices, but some of them also own businesses like transport or food industries.

The Vaishyas class is considered as the third highest class. This includes professionals who are involved in commerce or trading companies. Many of them work in government jobs, while others may run their own restaurants or cafes.

The Shudras are the fourth class. They are discriminated as they are associated with manual work. Since they work in various types of professions including daily wage workers and farmers, they face many difficulties like lack of water, electricity, and schools.

The caste system in India is a centuries-old social hierarchy that has been a source of discrimination and violence. Though it has been outlawed since the 1950s, the caste system continues to play a significant role in Indian society.

There are four main classes, or varnas, in the caste system: Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra. Brahmins, the highest class, are priests and scholars. Kshatriyas are warriors and rulers. Vaishyas are merchants and farmers. Shudras are laborers and servants.

At the bottom of the caste system are the Dalits, or untouchables. Dalits are not considered part of any caste and experience extreme social and economic discrimination.

The caste system has been a source of social strife for centuries. In recent years, there have been several high-profile caste-based attacks, including the gang-rape and murder of a Dalit woman in Uttar Pradesh and the lynching of a Dalit man in Gujarat.

The caste system is an entrenched social injustice that must be dismantled. Only then can India truly become a free and equal society.